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10 Common Phrases You're Getting Wrong

By Elizabeth Bromstein

Workopolis has been on a bit of a grammar and spelling kick lately.

We've covered a fair amount of ground, including but not limited to:  the confusion of "they're," "their," and "there," and of "then" and "than;" the misuse of "literally;" and when you should use "and me" instead of "and I." But there's still so much more.

I'll reiterate that I am not usually a stickler for grammar in day-to-day communication. But most hiring managers are. Also, there are throngs of people out there who love to correct others and will never miss the opportunity to jump on you for a misplaced apostrophe, or a misused word or phrase. Also, you might as well get things right.

Here we look at some popular phrases that people are saying wrong — myself included, apparently.

  1. "I could care less." This is the mother of all wrong phrases, and even I get crazy when people use it.

The phrase is actually "I couldn't care less," meaning that you care so little it is impossible that you could care less, or, simply put, you do not care at all. When phrased "I could care less about your opinion," you're saying that you do care and that there is room for you to care less. So, you care. That's nice. It's good to be caring. But you're using the phrase wrong.

  1. "For all intensive purposes." This actually sounds sort of like it makes sense, as in, "for the purpose of the purposes that are intensive," which sounds like it could mean something important — but it doesn't and is not correct.

The phrase is "For all intents and purposes." It's adopted from a phrase found in 16th Century English law: "to all intents, constructions, and purposes," which referred to "the state of a person's mind that directs his or her actions toward a specific object."

Now it means, for all practical purposes: "She looked, for all intents and purposes, like she could do the job."

  1. "You've got another thing coming." This one was news to me. I discovered it just now while bopping around the web looking for misused phrases. Apparently, it's "You've got another think coming," the idea being "If you think that, you've got another think coming."

I say nuts to that. Who uses "think" as a noun?

"You've got another thing coming," as in "if you expect one thing, you've got another thing coming," makes perfect sense to me and I will continue to use it thusly.

Also, I wonder if Judas Priest knows this.

  1. "A complete 360." This is commonly used like this: "A week after accepting the proposal, he did a complete 360 and decided to reject our offer."

But, if he did a complete 360 degree turn, he would have come all the way back around to accepting your offer again. What he did was a 180 degree turn, and landed facing in the opposite direction.

He did "a complete 180."

  1. "Jive with." This one has me confounded, but I am including it for the sake of discussion. I've been saying "That doesn't jive with what I heard," for years. The internet is now telling me the correct term is "jibe with." But that doesn't make sense. The jive is a dance, so you can see "jive with" as meaning "dance with" or "work with" or "be in accord with."

To "jibe" doesn't actually mean "agree with" or "be in accord with." It means to mock or insult, or to change course. Only in the context of this phrase is it said to mean "be in accord with." So, I call foul (unlike calling "fowl" which would mean to hail a chicken) on this one and will continue to use "jive with."

  1. "It's a doggy dogg world." The third single off Snoop Dogg's 1993 debut album is a "Doggy Dogg World." What we live in is a "dog eat dog world."

Example: "It's a dog eat dog world out there and competition for jobs is fierce. So, you better be on your game."

This phrase is used to demonstrate that it's a rough world out there, where dogs will cannibalize other dogs (though dogs actually aren't cannibals in most cases).

  1. "On tender hooks." Again, at first this sort of seems to make sense — if you take "tender" to mean something akin to "soft" which could translate to "thin" or precarious ... it's a stretch ... but it's there if you look for it. Or maybe you're thinking something butcher related ... meat, tender, meathook ... I don't know.

Regardless (see below), a "tender hook" actually isn't a real thing.

The expression is a reference to hooks used for stretching woolen cloth.

The correct phrase is "on tenterhooks," which means to be in a state of tension (like the stretched cloth), uneasiness, or anxiety.

Example: "I was on tenterhooks over whether or not the deal would go through."

  1. "Runner ups." There are no "runner ups" for the position you were looking to fill (or for the title of Miss Penitentiary [yes, it really is a thing. In Brazil!]). There are "runners up." The contestants/subjects are the runners. Not the ups.
  2. "Nip it in the butt." I've never heard this one used as such, again. But I'm informed by the internet that it's a common error.

A puppy might nip you in the butt. What we want to do when using this phrase is stop something before it gets out of hand, or de-bud the plant before the flower grows. Or, to be specific "nip it in the bud."

Example: "There's some office gossip about you and the CEO at the holiday party going around. If I were you I'd want to nip it in the bud."

  1. "Irregardless." While this is a word (and it's not even that, really), rather than a phrase, it's worth noting for its rampant usage. No matter how many, or how loudly, people rail against it, "irregardless" will continue to rear its ugly head.

Here's the thing: To "regard" means "to pay attention to" while the suffix "less" means "without." So, "regard" + "less" = "regardless," which means "without paying attention to" or "despite."

The prefix "ir" is added to negate a word, to mean "not." Therefore "ir" + "regardless" = "irregardless" or "not without paying attention to" or, in other words, "factoring in."

Whatever it is you think you're factoring out, you're actually factoring in.

"Irregardless what the boss thinks..." actually means "Taking into account what the boss thinks..."

What I'm trying to say is that the word you want is "regardless."

Got it?

Sorry, Results-Oriented, Hard-working Team Players Need Not Apply

By Peter Harris

Workopolis has literally millions of resumes in our database with roughly 1,000 new ones added daily. Analyzing the content of these as well as employer behaviour on resume view pages (they view an average of 16,000 resumes every day on our site) shows us some distinct patterns.

How employers look for resumes

Employers most often use keyword searches to scan through online resumes. They look for words and phrases that are specific to the job they're recruiting for. These same keywords are usually in the job description. Candidates should be sure to use them in their resume when applying, and then elaborate. Your resume is going to get noticed if the language you use matches the language used by the company.

Employers have numerous options for filtering the results of their keyword searches. Listed from most frequently used to least, they hone their resume searches by:

  • Skillset
  • Experience
  • Location
  • Previous employers
  • Date updated
  • Education

It comes as a surprise to many candidates that 'education' is one of the least used resume searches by Canadian employers.

What employers look for first in resumes

When employers are reviewing resumes to determine who to interview for the job, they generally spend mere seconds (fewer than 11) on each document before rejecting it or putting it aside for further review.

There are just a few key pieces of information that they look for in that initial scan that determine whether a resume makes the cut.

The first things employers scan for:

  • Your name
  • Your current job title and employer
  • The start and end dates of your most recent job
  • Your previous employer and job title
  • The start and end dates of your previous job
  • Your level of education

In that first roughly 10-second glance, everything else on your resume is just extra information that employers may or may not glance over for keywords related to the skills they're looking for.

Show don't tell

The trouble is, many people fill up their resumes with positive sounding descriptors of themselves and their work that they hope will impress employers.

A recent survey of 1300 senior managers asked the question "What is the most overused and meaningless phrase you see on resumes?"

Their most common responses included:

  • Results-oriented
  • Self-starter
  • Flexible
  • Hard worker
  • Team player
  • Highly qualified
  • Problem-solver
  • People person

These turn up in so many resumes that they don't serve to differentiate a candidate anymore. In fact they have the opposite effect by making the job seeker appear generic and cookie-cutter.

Since no one is ever going to claim to be a lazy, inattentive loner in their resume, being a detail-oriented, hardworking team player is just expected. Adjectives such as 'creative' and 'excellent' should be demonstrated by the quality of your work and accomplishments rather than stated outright. Creativity should be conveyed in a resume by the originality of your writing, not by calling yourself creative.

'Motivated' is likewise a judgment call for others to make, and further, it has no alternative. It is meaningless to claim to be motivated in a resume, because no candidate would ever describe him or herself as 'unmotivated.'

Rather than claiming to be a highly-qualified self-starter, use concrete examples of professional achievements where you took charge and delivered results. Demonstrate your abilities with numbers and achievements rather than adjectives.

The first impression that employers most often have of candidates is through their resume. It is critical to stand out from the crowd of generic applications with a document that really sells your skills and accomplishments. This deserves more than a cut and paste of positive sounding catch phrases from old resume templates.

Think about those things that actually most make you stand out on the job. Then write them down as they relate to the job you're applying for, closely matching the language used in the job description. That's how you come out on top.

What to Wear to the Job Interview

By Elizabeth Bromstein

It's the age-old question: what to wear to the job interview?

Your appearance can make or break your chances. It's so much pressure (gah!). Don't worry, I got your back. Here are 11 tips foolproof tips on dressing for job interview success.

Find out what the office dress code is. Ask around. What does everyone wear to work? Human Resources types and hiring managers are all about "cultural fit." So, if you look like you fit in, you're more than halfway there.

Err on the side of formality. Even if everyone wear jeans and t-shirts to work, you should still do a more formal variation. You want to look like you're making an effort. If you are unable to learn anything definitive about the company culture, go conservative. The thing is, if you show up wearing a suit to a casual office, you could lose out on the position, but it's less likely to be an issue than if you show up at a more formal office wearing shorts. On the whole you're safer erring on the side of formality. Men should wear a suit and tie. Women can wear a suit, or, in most cases a skirt/pants and shirt or sweater. In more formal industries such as law or finance, women should wear hosiery with skirts.

Wear clothes that fit. Don't wear clothes that are too tight or too loose. Both are inappropriate.

Don't get sexy. The interview is not the time for showing skin. Cover cleavage and thighs. Skirts should be knee length or lower. If we can see up it, down it, or through it, it's not for the interview. And remember, there is never an appropriate time to substitute leggings for pants.

Wear clean, unscuffed shoes. Men: wear dress shoes. Women: wear nice shoes. Do not wear six-inch heels — they are impractical and make you look like you're going clubbing. I also wouldn't wear ballet flats, as I think they look childish, but also, I just hate them. And no sandals. Not to the job interview. Ever.

Be well groomed. Shower, get a haircut if you need one. Clean beneath your fingernails. Make sure your manicure is up to date. Wear deodorant. Do not wear perfume. Brush your teeth. Wear clean clothes.

Wear black or blue. Black is the safest colour to wear to the interview. It's professional and nobody has an issue with black. Dark blue is also safe. Few people hate blue. Next best choices would be brown or grey — though personally I think grey is better than brown. Orange is a bad idea, since a 2013 survey of hiring managers found it to be the least professional and the "worst" colour to wear to an interview. It's also just a bad colour for a suit. Anyway, most people would probably say forget colour and just stick with neutrals.

Wear clothing that looks expensive. Research has shown that wearing brand names might increase your chance of getting hired. Employers want to hire people who are already successful. Expensive clothes imply that you have money, having money implies that you are in demand, being in demand implies that you know what you're doing.

Accessorize with something bold. Here is where I would add a splash of colour or personality, with a pocket square, scarf, or piece of jewellery. It's OK to have personality. You want to be memorable and stand out from the other candidates and adding a little statement can help with that.

Don't insist on letting your full freak flag fly. The interview isn't the time to showcase all your quirky fashion sensibilities. Yes, it's important to be you. But if you show up with visible tattoos, nail art, and bedazzled vintage wear (that would be me) keep in mind that it might cost you. If you want the job, go conservative. You can be yourself later, after they've hired you and it's already too late ... er ... I mean, after they've hired you and have seen how great you are.

You don't have to follow all these rules. The more accomplished and in demand you are, the more you can probably get away with — if you're top in your field, by all means wear sneakers. If you're not, shine your shoes.

But do shower and wear deodorant. That one is non negotiable.

The 10 Most Common Job Titles of the Poor, the Middle Class, and the Rich

By Peter Harris

Ever wonder what people actually do for a living at each rung up the economic ladder? Our friends over at NPR's Planet Money have just put together a report listing the most common jobs that people hold for every income level.

Some job titles appear at various levels along the way, but with greater or lesser frequency. For example, there are 'managers' who make $45,000, but there are more of them who earn from $75,000 - $100,000 and upwards. Secretaries fall into the lowest income group as well as the middle and upper middle.

Obviously there are many more job titles that fit into each pay scale, but according to surveys and statistical data these are the most common for each level. So while there are people who make more and less money in each group, there are fewer of them than these, the most commonly held job titles by economic standing. So here's a look at what the rich, middle class, and the poor all do for a living.

The 10 most popular job titles by income bracket:

$100,000 - $200,000

10. Marketing and ad managers
9. Chief executives
8. Financial manager
7. IT professional
6. Accountants and Auditors
5. Physician
4. Lawyer
3. Sales people
2. Software developer
1. Manager

$50,000 - $100,000

10. IT Professional
9. Police officer
8. Office support
7. Secretary
6. Software developer
5. Accountant
4. Truck driver
3. Teacher
2. Nurse
1. Manager

$26,000 - $50,000

10. Sales
9. Office support
8. Retail sales clerk
7. Customer service
6. Managers
5. Nursing aide
4. Sales supervisor
3. Truck driver
2. School teacher
1. Secretary

$12,000 - $26,000

10. Secretary
9. Server
8. Child care worker
7. 'Other' teacher
6. Retail sales clerk
5. Janitor
4. House keepers and maids
3. Cook
2. Cashier
1. Nursing aide

The average Canadian wage is approximately $50,000 right now according to Statistics Canada, right about the middle of the spectrum for the job wages listed above. At about $375,000, Specialist Physicians are the highest paid workers in Canada.

Most of the lowest paying jobs will simply pay the minimum wage of whatever region the job happens to be located in. Towards the low end of the scale that is roughly $10.00 an hour earning someone just over $20,000 — assuming they worked full time and were paid for 40 hours a week. But many low wage jobs are also part-time positions.

With thanks to NPR, Planet Money — Common Jobs For The Rich, Middle Class And Poor .

40 Career Lessons I Learned by 40

By Elizabeth Bromstein

Throughout your career you are going to learn a lot of lessons. Because I'm feeling reflective today, I thought I'd share some of the ones I've learned myself thus far. So, if you haven't learned all these yet, hey, maybe I can save you some trouble.

I guess I'm feeling generous.

Here are 40 career lessons I learned by 40

  1. Bring value. That's all that matters. If your value outweighs the negatives, you will be fine. When it doesn't, you are dead weight and will be cut loose.

  2. It's not about you. At least not to anyone but you. Everyone is the protagonist in their own story.

  3. Don't take anything personally. Everyone has their own reasons for doing things that have nothing to do with you, even when it affects you or hurts you.

  4. Pick your battles. You don't have to fight about everything, even when you know you're right. People will just think you're a jerk who likes to fight about stuff and will stop listening to you. Fight for the things that really matter.

  5. Sometimes it's best just to shut your face. Before you say anything, ask yourself if it really needs to be said. More often than you expect, the answer will be no.

  6. Everyone is winging it. Some of us have more education, experience, and training, but at the heart of it, we're all playing the same guessing game.

  7. It is all about who you know. The majority of jobs are gotten through recommendations. You won't get anywhere unless people know and like you.

  8. So, be nice. Always be nice. Also, you never know what someone else is going through.

  9. And make friends. Go out of your way to make friends at work. These are the people who will have your back.

  10. But trust no one. Be on your guard, because you also never know who's going to throw you under the bus.

  11. Don't gossip. It makes you look like an a**hole. Also, it will probably get back to the subject. (See also: trust no one.)

  12. Don't complain. I love to complain. But people HATE complainers. It creates a negative environment or something. So, don't complain. (I hate not complaining.)

  13. Some people just suck. People will do mean, nasty, thoughtless things and there is nothing you can do about it.

  14. So, you might as well just shrug it off. There's no point in getting worked up about it, unless its bullying or something that is actually worth standing up against, in which case, go nuts and ...

  15. Stand up for what is right. Not when you think you are right but when something is the right thing to do. Have the wisdom to know the difference. Still ...

  16. Justice will often take care of itself. Not always, but often. If someone is terrible, the odds are good it will eventually come back to them. A lot of the time you can just sit back and wait for it.

  17. Take direction graciously. Even from someone you dislike or when you disagree with the action. Often the problem is your ego. Sometimes you need to challenge the directions, other times you just need to do what you're told (see also: pick your battles).

  18. It IS your job. The phrase "that's not my job" is a career killer. Treat everything that needs doing and that you are capable of doing like it's your job. It's what separates the adults from the children.

  19. If it's worth doing by anyone, it's worth doing by you. Your superiority to the person cleaning the toilet is all in your own mind. Get over yourself.

  20. What you do matters. You're going to spend at least a third of your life at work. Make sure it's something you enjoy doing — even better if it makes the world a better place (if you care about that sort of thing).

  21. Buy the coffee. Doing small favours for people makes them feel disproportionately indebted to you, according to research. Do as many small favours as possible and you're more likely to get a big one in return. (Insert evil laughter here).

  22. You are expendable. I've seen people win huge company awards and get laid off two months later.

  23. Listen. Actually listen to what other people are saying instead of waiting for your turn to talk.

  24. Pay attention. Pay attention to what is happening around you. That way nothing will catch you off guard, like ninjas or zombies.

  25. Be punctual. It's rude to make people wait for you.

  26. But if you can't be punctual, make up for it by working harder or being better than everyone else. Some people just have a really hard time being on time.

  27. S/he who gets mad first loses. Always keep your cool. You are vulnerable when you are angry.

  28. Shower, wear deodorant, and visit the dentist. There is one smelly person in every workplace. Nobody ever thinks it's them.

  29. Be careful about what you share. People don't want or need to know everything about you. We all have secrets that should stay secrets.

  30. Don't crap on people's ideas. No matter how stupid, ridiculous, and idiotic those ideas might be, always say "That's interesting ..." before moving on to something else.

  31. If someone says "That's interesting," they think your idea is stupid.

  32. Go the extra mile. Nobody ever achieved success by doing the bare minimum. Go above and beyond and you will be rewarded in one way or another.

  33. Everything is its own reward. Just do good work and that will pay for itself. Don't worry about what it will get you.

  34. So, mind your own business. It doesn't matter what anyone else does. Mow your own lawn and forget about the neighbours'.

  35. Try to do it yourself before asking for help. If you bug people with questions about things you could just Google and learn yourself, you will drive them crazy and they will want to smack you (I swear to GODů).

  36. Don't make promises you can't keep. Never go back on your word. It erodes people's trust in you.

  37. Underpromise and over deliver. A good trick is to promise less than you know you can do. Your results will be extra impressive.

  38. Never betray anyone's trust. I almost forgot this one! Keep other people's secrets as well as your own, and don't share information that was given to you in confidence.

  39. Don't get super wasted with your coworkers. Even if they're all total boozehounds, don't get drunk to the point where you're saying things you will regret as soon as you are reminded of them later.

  40. Always be learning. Technology is changing everything. Whatever your job is, it will probably be a very different job 5 or 10 years from now. I used to be a journalist — for a newspaper! If you don't keep up you will be left behind. Keep up.

Four Things Employers Decide About You in Four Seconds

By Peter Harris

Mere seconds. That's all the time it takes for employers to decide four critical things about you as soon as you walk through the door. These almost pre-reflective assumptions can set the mood of the rest of your job interview — and they can be hard to turn around.

This is because when we first encounter a new face, our brains decide whether the person is attractive and trustworthy almost instantly.

"The link between facial features and character may be tenuous at best, but that doesn't stop our minds from sizing other people up at a glance," says Princeton University psychologist Alex Todorov in a recent study. "We decide very quickly whether a person possesses many of the traits we feel are important, such as likeability and competence, even though we have not exchanged a single word with them. It appears that we are hard-wired to draw these inferences in a fast, unreflective way."

Eliot Hoppe, a leading expert on body language agrees. Hoppe says that hiring managers, while they may not even be conscious of it, "size up" a candidate for the position, right from the first glance.

And it's literally a first glance. Says Hoppe, "In the first four seconds of meeting someone, you will have already answered four questions:

  1. Do I like you?

  2. Do I trust you?

  3. Are you safe?

  4. Who do you remind me of?"

"Consider too, that even in a short 20-minute meeting, a person can transmit up to 700 non-verbal signals, and that's beyond the verbal communication already taking place," he added.

Your chances of landing the job can be sunk just because you bear a passing resemblance to the bully who used to pick on the hiring manager in high school. That's how powerful these first impressions and subconscious associations can be.

With that in mind, here are some strategies you can use to give you every chance of acing (or overcoming) that first impression.


When you first meet your interviewer, smile. Smiling makes a person seem more attractive, sociable and confident, and people who smile more are more likely to get hired and promoted. If the interviewer's reaction to your face was a negative one, your first defense against that impression is a warm and friendly smile.

Have a good handshake

A good handshake is an important part of making a great first impression. A well timed, firm but not aggressive handshake says you are confident, social and professional. A weak, finger-tip or overly-macho handshake can give the impression that you lack confidence or basic social skills.

Use proper body language

When it comes to first impressions, your body language goes a long way to demonstrating that you are competent and confident. Sit up straight in your chair with your feet firmly on the floor. Keep your arms at your sides, or use them to make friendly, conversational gestures. Crossing your arms can indicate that you are uncomfortable or possibly hiding something.

Slouching, fidgeting, and avoiding eye contact can all give the impression that you are uncomfortable, usually from a lack of confidence or of interest in being there.

Be positive and friendly

Don't let the job interview be a one-way interrogation. Turn it into a pleasant dialogue between two interesting people. Likeability matters, hiring managers are going to hire someone whose company they enjoy. Nail the ice breaker. Tell engaging stories. Ask smart questions.

Show energy and confidence

Think positive. Thinking and acting confident actually becomes self-fulfilling, making you genuinely more confident in your abilities and in your chances of acing the interview. Since interviewers are looking for someone energetic and enthusiastic about the job, acting like you are, showing them that you are, will help you make the right first impression.

There's little you can do about those crucial few seconds when the interviewer's brain makes its subconscious connections, but most job interviews last more than four seconds. That's your window of time to demonstrate who you really are and what you can do.

"As time passes and you get to know people, you, of course, develop a more rounded conception of them," said Todorov.

The Hardest Jobs for Employers to Fill in 2016

By Elizabeth Bromstein

In the spring of 2015, we surveyed 256 Canadian employers about their hiring intentions and challenges. One-third (32 per cent) told us that they planned to increase staff over the next 12 months. However 68 per cent said that it is very or somewhat difficult to find the people that they need to hire.

71 per cent of employers surveyed say a shortage of qualified candidates is having an impact on their ability to meet client needs. This is up by 5 per cent from a similar survey we conducted in 2012, where 66 per cent of senior executives said that a shortage of skilled workers was impacting their business.

Is the so called "skills shortage" to blame? Or are employers too demanding? The jury is still squabbling over that one.

Now CareerCast has released a list of the 10 jobs that will be the most difficult to fill in 2016. So, there might be a job for you in one of these fields if you possess the required qualifications.

These are the 10 jobs that CareerCast expects will be especially difficult to fill next year due to a range of reasons, "including BLS-projected talent shortages in each field, retirements due to an aging workforce and above-average growth in demand."

The 10 hardest jobs to fill:

Data Scientist

The hiring boom in data science is difficult to measure, say analysts, "because the field is so new that the BLS doesn't yet track specific hiring needs." But CareerCast says that more than 4 million jobs are expected to need filling next year. We don't have specific information for Canada, but certain sectors aside, data is often comparable.

Electrical Engineer

Randstad US recently estimated that there are 17 openings for every electrical engineering candidate, says CareerCast. And another recently released study, Engineering Labour Market in Canada: Projections to 2020, commissioned by Engineers Canada and sponsored by Randstad Engineering, reveals that "Canada is facing a short supply of engineers and that supply and demand imbalances in the sector are becoming more serious, specifically in Ontario."

General and Operations Manager

This position is expected to see a 12.4 per cent growth in demand by 2022. That growth rate translates into 613,000 open positions to fill for general and operations managers over the next seven years, says CareerCast. (No specific information for Canada.)

Home Health Aide

As a direct result of the aging population, hiring in the US is projected to rise by 48 per cent over the next seven years, and nearly 600,000 positions will need to be filled to meet the expected demand. Meanwhile, Ontario alone is expected to see a shortage of 5,000 homecare workers in 2016. Unfortunately, the low median salary of around $35,000 means many people aren't exactly rushing to apply.

Information Security Analyst

The expanded use of cloud-based technology is the driving force behind the demand for this job, according to CareerCast. "Microsoft reported that by the beginning of next year, North American companies will need to employ at least 2.7 million cloud-computing workers, including information security analysts, and labor analysts say the supply can't meet that demand."

Marketing Manager

An explosion in digital marketing means marketing managers are in very short supply, according to the BLS, and, CareerCast reports, "marketing is one of the skill sets most in demand by college recruiters, according to the National Association of Colleges and Employers." Marketing manager is also consistently listed among the jobs Canadian employers are having the toughest time filling.

Medical Services Manager

The BLS reportedly projects 73,300 new hires will be needed in the field in the US by 2022, and predicts a 23 per cent overall increase in employment. (No specific numbers for Canada.)

Physical Therapist

CareerCast says, "The American Physical Therapy Association estimates that in 2016, demand for full-time physical therapists will exceed 229,000, with a pool of candidates of around 196,000 -- creating a gap of 33,000 unfilled jobs." Canada also is seeing large growth and a predicted shortage. This is again due to an aging population.

Registered Nurse

The BLS projects a 19 per cent growth rate over the next seven years as well as over half a million positions opening up due to retirement. Canada, meanwhile, has been facing concerns about a nursing shortage for years. Karima Velji, president of the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA), was recently quoted by the Globe and Mail as saying "Immediate action is needed to stave off the potentially long-lasting trend of a shrinking [registered nurse] work force and its consequences for population health."

Software Engineer

According to CareerCast, The BLS estimates 222,600 software engineering jobs will need to be filled in the US by 2022, while The Conference Board estimates there will be three jobs available for every new college graduate from a computer science program in 2016. In Canada, meanwhile, a recent report said we will need 182,000 people to meet the growing demand for IT positions, though it seems some out of work IT professionals are wondering where exactly those jobs are supposed to be.

Two Reasons Not to Quit your Job

By Peter Harris

One of the best pieces of career advice that I ever received was to 'never quit.' That may sound a little too much like the commonly used cliché, 'never give up.' However, in this case it was meant literally: Don't quit your job.

Here's the context. I was rather miserable in the job I had at the time. I was the only copy writer for a small, family-owned marketing company. The commute was hellish requiring taking the subway all the way to the end of the line, then filing onto a packed bus into an industrial park area, and then a walk on a pedestrian bridge across highways.

I had a small staff of researchers and copy editors, and they resented my being put in charge because I was A) new to the company and B) younger than they were. (Truth be told, I also had no management experience at the time and so seemed like a kid to them. It doesn't help that I also happened to look even younger than I was.) So the working environment was unpleasant too.

On the day I decided that it just wasn't worth it to me anymore, I went into my director's office and told him I would no longer be working there. He looked up from his desk and said, "Harris, you never quit. If you're willing to just walk away with nothing, that puts you in a pretty solid bargaining position, because you have nothing to lose. Explain what's making you unhappy and ask for solutions. Maybe we can make a deal."

We ended up restructuring my team in a way that made them both happier and more productive. Research, writing and editing could be done offsite with the team working from home two to three days a week, only being in the office for meetings and creative brainstorming sessions. This made my resentful crew suddenly appreciate me. With a happier staff, a flexible schedule, and much less of the brutal commute, I ended up working there for another year. (Until the opportunity to manage the content of a major national website came along.)

My director was right. It was better to bargain than to quit with nothing. It improved my working situation, and it gave me the leverage to improve things for my team as well. Which also went a long way towards improving their opinion of me.

I can think of another important reason not to quit your job even if you're unhappy at the moment. It is easier to land a new, better opportunity if you're already employed. So you hurt your own chances of getting your next job by quitting your current one.

Here's why:

Some employers think that employed candidates are more valuable than unemployed candidates. There is always the chance that unemployed candidates are out of work through some failing in their skills, work-ethic, or personality. (Now this is not a fair assumption, and it's usually not the case, especially in a tight job market like this one, but it is something that crosses the minds of some hiring managers.)

Also employers prefer candidates who have a passion to work for them specifically. Candidates who are interested in just that role at their company — and this is their motivation. Employers may assume that unemployed candidates just really need a job and are therefore just motivated to take any gig they can land. This might make them seem like less valuable employees.

While you're currently employed, someone out there is already willing to pay you for what you do. It's an unspoken recommendation from one employer to another. (Rather like that old saying about men being more attractive to women when they're already in a relationship. It's a validation that someone can put up with you. If you're single, there's always the chance that it's because you're a creep.)

So, when it's time to move on or move up, negotiate. See if your employer wants to accommodate your career growth and happiness where you are. If that doesn't work out, then you still don't quit. You keep your job, and you start your career search. Quietly.

15 In-Demand Jobs in Canada that are Waiting to be Filled Right Now

By Peter Harris

Here at Workopolis we are sometimes accused of focusing disproportionately on white collar office jobs — while neglecting to write about the other occupations that many, many people work in. So this weekend, I've been reviewing recent job postings reports, and it turns out that many of the most readily-available positions right now require more hands-on skills than most desk jobs.

Looking at online job postings and how long they stay online across platforms — on Workopolis and other paid websites as well as on the free classifieds and government job boards — we can see which vocations are most in demand by Canadian employers and how long those positions take to fill.

Job postings that stay up the longest — or which are immediately reposted following the job ad's expiration — indicate a perpetual need or a difficulty to fill.

So we've put together a list of the most sought-after vocations for which there are constantly available job openings advertised online.

Here are the 15 most in-demand occupations in Canada right now

  • Truck drivers
  • Registered nurses
  • Retail Salespersons and Sales Clerks
  • Skilled Trade Workers
  • Financial managers
  • Food Counter Attendants, Kitchen Helpers and Related Occupations
  • Cooks
  • Dental Hygienists and Dental Therapists
  • Barbers, Hairdressers, and Beauticians
  • Couriers and delivery people
  • Customer Service Reps
  • Food and Beverage Servers
  • Healthcare Technicians
  • Administrative Assistants
  • Advertising, Marketing and PR Managers

These jobs typically take approximately 45 days to fill. Job posting data shows that Truck Drivers and Nurses usually take the longest to fill at about 55 days — or eight weeks.

The job with the shortest job posting period is Administrative Assistants, which averages 36 days, or just over five weeks.

Recruitment firm ManpowerGroup's Talent Shortage Survey recently identified a similar list of the most difficult jobs for employers to hire for in Canada for 2015. Their findings also show a need for workers for both blue collar and white collar jobs.